The oral health of a person has an immense impact on their overall health. This is because bacterial infestation in the mouth increases the susceptibility of infections in other body parts such as; the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys and more.
Dr. Steven Kacel, dentist in Northbrook, IL suggests that effective oral health practices such as regular brushing and flossing, and natural defense mechanisms of the body can keep the oral bacterial infestation under control. But any negligence in this regard can increase the bacterial levels to such an extent that it may lead to gum disease and tooth decay.
It should also be remembered that certain medicines such as antihistamines, analgesics, decongestants, and diuretics, reduce the flow of saliva in the mouth. Saliva is responsible for washing away the food particles and neutralizing the acid production in the mouth which protects against microbial invasion and harmful infections. Hence, these medicines increase the chances of oral diseases. Also, some diseases such as AIDS and Diabetes Mellitus affect the immune system and decrease the natural resistance of the body to fight against infections, thus increasing the chances of oral ones.
Considering the risks, let’s take a look at the necessary measures to protect oral health at every stage of life.
Pregnancy and Children
Dr. Kacel, dentist in Northbrook, IL recommends that pregnant women protect their children from oral diseases by eating healthy food rich in vitamins and minerals and by consuming calcium supplements. Folic acid supplements during pregnancy decrease the risk of postnatal oral diseases such as; cleft lip and cleft palate.
In order to prevent bacterial buildup in the baby’s mouth, their gums should be wiped gently with a soft and damp cloth after every feeding. When the child sprouts teeth usually at the age of six months, the parents must clean the gum line and teeth with an ultra-soft children’s toothbrush at least twice a day.
It’s also recommended to brush your child’s teeth until six years of age because prior to that age, children can’t brush their own teeth in an effective manner. Also, the child should be taken to a pediatric dentist for complete evaluation of the oral cavity at the age of one.
According to the Center for Disease Prevention and Control, almost one-third of the adult population in the US suffers from untreated tooth decay. This happens because tooth decay is usually painless in its early stages; hence, regular dental examination is necessary to ensure an early detection. An evident sign of periodontal disorder and tooth decay is loss of bone structure around the teeth and it requires immediate intervention from a dentist. Also, fluorinated water decreases the chances of tooth decay. You can also ask your dentist to recommend fluoride supplements to prevent tooth decay. Northbrook Dentist Office, provider of premium dental care is famous for effectively maintaining dental health in order to prevent tooth decay and other dental diseases.
It’s imperative for older adults to pay regular visits to their dentist as they have a high risk of oral and throat cancer development, especially those who consume alcohol and smoke excessively. Also, older adults usually develop dry mouth as they may consume a number of medicines which decrease the saliva flow in the mouth. People with dentures must also get them examined on a regular basis, because if the gums become swollen and red, it might be a sign that the dentures aren’t fitting properly in the mouth anymore.